UPSC CIVIL SERVICES Exam Pattern Details:
The selection process will be completed in three phases/steps: Phase I, Phase II and Phase III.
1. Phase I - Preliminary Exam : The Preliminary Examination consisting of Objective Tests will be conducted online. The candidates has to qualify the preliminary examination to appear in mains examination.
The Examination shall comprise of two compulsory Papers of 200 marks each.
(i) Both the question papers will be of the objective type (multiple choice questions) and each
will be of two hours duration.
(ii) The General Studies Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a
qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.
(iii) The question papers will be set both in Hindi and English.
(iv) Details of the syllabi are indicated in Part A of Section III.
2. Phase II - Mains :
The written examination will consist of the following papers
Qualifying Papers :
(One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the
Eighth Schedule to the Constitution). 300 Marks
English 300 Marks
Papers to be counted for merit
Essay 250 Marks
General Studies-I 250 Marks
(Indian Heritage and Culture, History and
Geography of the World and Society)
General Studies -II 250 Marks
(Governance, Constitution, Polity,
Social Justice and International relations)
General Studies -III 250 Marks
(Technology, Economic Development,
Bio-diversity, Environment, Security
and Disaster Management)
General Studies -IV 250 Marks
(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
Optional Subject - Paper 1 250 Marks
Optional Subject - Paper 2 250 Marks
Sub Total (Written test) 1750 Marks
Personality Test 275 Marks
Grand Total 2025 Marks
Candidates may choose any one of the optional subjects from amongst the list of subjects
given in para 2 below :-
(i) The papers on Indian languages and English (Paper A and paper B) will be of Matriculation or
equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature. The marks obtained in these papers will not
be counted for ranking.
(ii) Evaluation of the papers, namely, 'Essay', 'General Studies' and Optional Subject of all the
candidates would be done simultaneously along with evaluation of their qualifying papers on ' Indian Languages and English but the papers on Essay, General Studies and Optional Subject of
only such candidates will be taken cognizance who attain 25% marks in Indian Language9 and 25%
in English as minimum qualifying standards in these qualifying papers.
(iii) The paper A on Indian Language will not, however, be compulsory for candidates hailing from
the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim.
(iv) The paper A on Indian Language will not, however, be compulsory for Candidates belonging to
Persons with Benchmark Disabilities (only Hearing Impairment sub-category) provided that they
have been granted such exemption from 2nd or 3rd language courses by the concerned education
Board/University. The candidate needs to provide an undertaking/self declaration in this regard in
order to claim such an exemption to the Commission.
(v) Marks obtained by the candidates for the Paper I-VII only will be counted for merit ranking.
However, the Commission will have the discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all of these
(vi) For the Language medium/literature of languages, the scripts to be used by the candidates
will be as under :-
- Language Script
- Assamese Assamese
- Gujarati Gujarati
- Hindi Devanagari
- Kannada Kannada
- Kashmiri Persian
- Manipuri Bengali
- Marathi Devanagari
- Nepali Devanagari
- Odia Odia
- Sanskrit Devanagari
- Sindhi Devanagari or Arabic
- Telugu Telugu
- Urdu Persian
- Dogri Devanagari
- Maithilli Devanagari
- Santhali Devanagari or Olchiki
Note : For Santhali language, question paper will be printed in Devanagari script; but candidates
will be free to answer either in Devanagari script or in Olchiki.
2. List of optional subjects for Main Examination :
(ii) Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
(vi) Civil Engineering
(vii) Commerce and Accountancy
(ix) Electrical Engineering
(xvi) Mechanical Engineering
(xvii) Medical Science
(xx) Political Science and International Relations
(xxii) Public Administration
(xxvi) Literature of any one of the following languages:
Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili,
Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu
(i) The question papers for the examination will be of conventional (essay) type.
(ii) Each paper will be of three hours duration.
(iii) Candidates will have the option to answer all the question papers, except the Qualifying
Language Papers, Paper-A and Paper-B, in any one of the languages included in the Eighth
Schedule to the Constitution of India or in English. Notwithstanding this, the Candidate will
have the choice to write the Optional Papers in English also if candidates opt to write Paper
I-V except the Qualifying Language Papers, Paper-A and Paper-B, in any one of the language
included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India.
(iv) Candidates exercising the option to answer Papers in any one of the languages included in
the Eight Schedule to the Constitution of India mentioned above may, if they so desire, give
English version within brackets of only the description of the technical terms, if any, in
addition to the version in the language opted by them. Candidates should, however, note
that if they misuse the above rule, a deduction will be made on this account from the total
marks otherwise accruing to them and in extreme cases; their script(s) will not be valued
for being in an unauthorized medium.
(v) Candidates should note that if any irrelevant matter/signages/marks etc. are found written
in the answer script(s), which would not be related to any question/answer and/or would
be having the potential to disclose the candidates identity, the Commission will impose a
penalty of deduction of marks from the total marks otherwise accruing to the candidate or
will not evaluate the said script(s) on this account.
(vi) The question papers (other than the literature of language papers) will be set in Hindi and
(vii) The details of the syllabi are set out in Part B of Section III.
3. Phase III - Personality Test/ Interview: The maximum marks for interview is 275 marks.
The candidate will be interviewed by a Board of competent and unbiased observers who will have before them a record of his/ her career. The object of the Interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for the Service. The candidate will be expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in his/ her subjects of academic study but also in events which are happening around him/ her both within and outside his/ her own state or country, as well as in modem currents of thoughts and in new discoveries which should rouse the curiosity of well educated youth.